Hazrat Imam Jafar ibn Muhammad (AS)

Imam Jafar ibn Muhammad (AS)
     NAME:  Jaffer
     IMAMAAT:  6th Imam from the Silsila-e-Imamaat
     TITLE:  Sadiq, Abu Abdullah
     FATHER:  Imam Mohammed Baqir (AS) - 5th Imam
     MOTHER:  Hazrat Omme Farwah
     BIRTH DATE:  17th Rabi-ul-Awal, 83 Hijrah Medina
     AGE:  65 Years
     DIED ON:  25th Shawwal 148 Hijrah
     DEATH PLACE:  Medina
     HOLY SHRINE:  Graveyard of Baqi (Janaat-ul-Baqi) Medina
     * Ziyarat Of Hazrat Imam Jaffer-as-Sadiq (AS) is recited specially on Tuesdays
It is a 2 Raka't Namaaz (SALAT)
(a) In each raka't recite Sooratul Faatih'ah, recite Aayaatush Shahaadat:
(See Selected Soorahs & Du'as Volume Two 100 times.)
(b) After Salaam recite the following Dua'a:

(For Arabic Text please see "Mafateehul Jinaan")
     O Allah send blessings on Muhammad and on the children of Mohammad.
     In the name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful.     O Artist Creator of all things that has been created!
     O He Who joins together separate bones!
     O He Who is everywhere!
     O He Who is aware of all secrets!
     O He Who knows the obscure & the unseen!
     O He Who is present everywhere without being absent from any other place!
     O He Who prevails, and is never out of reach!
     O Companion of every unattended desolate!
     O Ever living, who brings the dead to life, and makes the living dead, Everlasting vigilant
over all souls for that which they have earned!
     O He Who was (ever) alive when nothing existed!
     There is no God except Thou,
     Send blessings on Mohammed & on the children of Mohammed.
 a. 41 years before the imamate era i.e. 83 Hijrah to 114 Hijrah.
 b. Imamate Period 34 years up to the martyrdom from 114 Hijrah to 148 Hijrah.
Birth and Imamate
Imam Ja'far ibn Muhammad, the son of the fifth Imam, was born in 83/702. He died in 148/765 according to Shi'ite tradition, poisoned and martyred through the intrigue of the Abbasid caliph Mansur. After the death of his father he beacame Imam by Divine command and decree of those who came before him.
The Imam's sciences
During the imamate of the sixth Imam greater possibilities and a more favorable climate existed for him to propagate religious teachings. This came about as a result of revolts in Islamic Lands, especially the uprising of the Muswaddah to overthrow the Umayyad caliphate, and the bloody wars which finally led to the fall and extinction of the Umayyads. The greater opportunities for Shi'ite teachings were also a result of the favorable ground the fifth Imam had prepared during the twenty years of his imamate through the propagation of the true teachings of Islam and the sciences of the Household of the Prophet. The Imam took advantage of the occasion to propagate the religious sciences until the very end of his imamate, which was contemporary with the end of the Umayyad and beginning of the Abbasid caliphates.  It is said that his classes and sessions of instruction produced four thousand scholars of hadith and other sciences. The number of traditions preserved from the fifth and sixth Imams is more than all the hadith, that have been recorded from the Prophet and the other ten Imams combined.
Toward the end of his life the Imam was subjected to severe restrictions placed upon him by the Abbasid caliph Mansur, who ordered such torture and merciless killing of many of the descendants of the Prophet who were Shi'ite that his actions even surpassed the cruelty and heedlessness of the Umayyads. At his order they were arrested in groups, some thrown into deep and dark prisons and tortured until they died, while others were beheaded or buried alive or placed at the base of or between walls of buildings, and walls were constructed over them. Hisham, the Umayyad caliph, had ordered the sixth Imam to be arrested and brought to Damascus. Later, the Imam was arrested by Saffah, the Abbasid caliph, and brought to Iraq. Finally, Mansur had him arrested again and brought to Samarrah where he had the Imam kept under supervision, was in every way harsh and discourteous to him, and several times thought of killing him. Eventually the Imam was allowed to return to Medina where he spent the rest of his life in hiding, until he was poisoned and martyred through the intrigue of Mansur. Upon hearing the news of the Imam's martyrdom, Mansur wrote to the governor of Medina instructing him to go to the house of the Imam on the pretext of expressing his condolences to the family, to ask for the Imam's will and testament and read it. Whoever was chosen by the Imam as his inheritor and successor should be beheaded on the spot. Of course the aim of Mansur was to put an end to the whole question of the imamate and to Shi'ite aspirations. When the governor of Medina, following orders, read the last will and testament, he saw that the Imam had chosen four people rather than one to administer his last will and testament: the caliph himself, the governor of Medina, 'Abdullah Aftah, the Imam's older son, and Musa, his younger son. In this way the plot of Mansur failed.
     He instructed many scholars in different fields of the intellectual and transmitted sciences, such as Zorarah, Muhammad ibn Muslim, Mu'min Taq, Hisham ibn Hakam, Aban ibn Taghlib, Hisham ibn Salim, Hurayz, Hisham Kalbi Nassabah, and Jabir ibn Hayyan, the alchemist. Even some important Sunni scholars such as Sufyan Thawri, Abu Hanifah, the founder of the Hanafi school of law, Qadhi Sukuni, Qadhi Abu'l- Bakhtari, and others, had the honor of being his students.
1. He who marries a woman for the hope of her wealth, Allah leaves him with only that wealth.

2. Indeed the cognition & knowing of Allah provides comfort in all terrors & frights. And it is the companion in all solitudes & loneliness & the light in all darkness & energy in all weaknesses & feeblenesses & the cure of all diseases & aliments.

3. The person who sees his brother (religious) involved (in a problem) which is the cause of his trouble & dislike ness & he does not remove it from him although he can do that, has committed a dishonesty with him.

4. Be careful of your knowledge and see from whom you get it.

5. Nothing follows a person after his death except three virtues & qualities.
 a. The study & charity that he may have executed by the grace of Allah in his life & which continues on after his death.
 b. And a decent & good tradition (left over by him) which is put into practice (after his death).
 c. A pious son who prays for him.

6. In no way is Allah worshipped better than by fulfilling the right of a believer.

7. Momin is the brother of a Momin just like one single body, (so that) if one part of it has a complaint the entire body feels & receives the pain & trouble. And their souls are from a single soul. And indeed the tie & connection of the faithful's should to the soul of Allah is more powerful & strengthener than the connection of the rays of sun with it.

8. Surely, a little action (of worshipping) with piety is better than many deeds with no virtue.

9. The smallest thing which turns a man out of faith is that he keeps counting the faults, lapses missteps & flaws of his brother in faith so that one day he may reprimand him. (by those weaknesses)

10. It is from the disposition & manners of the ignorant that he answers before listening & quarrel before understanding & gives judgment upon what he is unaware of.

11. The person who acts & practices short of vision is similar to the traveler of a wrong avenue. So the speed of his journey would not but only increase his distance.

12. The most beloved of the brothers to me is the one who presents & indicates to me my faults & short comings.

13. Be the inviters & callers of people towards beneficence without (using) your tongue, so that they may observer your endeavor & efforts, & truth & piety.

14. Seventy sins of ignorant are forgiven before one sin of a scholar is forgiven.

15. Indeed when the sin is committed by a servant secretly, it does not harm but the one who commits it. Where as, if it is committed openly & conspicuously & a restraints is not put upon it then it harms the general public.

16. The love of this fleeting world is the origin of all vices.

17. A man does not become proud hearted & arrogant but for the self abjection which he finds in his soul.

18. He who has even a little arrogance in his heart will not be allowed to enter Heaven.

19. Toiling & laboring hard for one's family is like becoming the warrior of a holy war on the course of Allah.

20. He who restrains his anger, Allah will cover his blemishes